Glossary Glossary

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Community of Practice (CoP)

A term coined to capture an activity system that includes individuals who are united in action and in the meaning that action has for them and for the larger collective. The communities of practice are virtual, i.e., they are not formal structures, such as departments or project teams. Instead, these communities exist in the minds of their members, are glued together by the connections they have with each other, as well as by their specific shared problems or areas of interest. The generation of knowledge in communities of practice occurs when people participate in problem solving and share the knowledge necessary to solve the problems.



Dissemination is defined as "the means through which project results are presented to the public (internal and external)". It is the term generally used for communication of specific information to a targeted audience or general public, by means of press, TV, radio, and other large-scale media. It can also be associated with the dissemination process and means, and the communication activities at events, such as demonstration events, posters, and procurement lettering and mailing.



e-Infrastructure refers to a combination and interworking of digitally-based technology (hardware and software), resources (data, services, digital libraries), communications (protocols, access rights and networks), and the people and organizational structures needed to support modern, internationally leading collaborative research be it in the arts and humanities or the sciences.


ENVRI community

It consists of ENVRI community members or ENVRI supporters and includes all the targeted audience of the project who have demonstrated an interest to be updated and informed about ENVRI project evolutions. All users will belong to the ENVRI community but also non-users can be part of it following registration. A number of benefits are presented for both the community members and the project, presented in the section outreach and ENVRI Community in Directly Controlled Communication Channels.


ENVRI Communication Network

It includes all the indirectly-controlled communication channels that ENVRI will build to disseminate the project, or else, the communication partners, including relevant organizations, networks, projects and initiatives. These will form a mailing list and will receive dissemination information to distribute further to their channels.



Any organization or individual being interested in the project or having an interest in the progress and/or outcomes of the project.


Target audience

The term is used to describe the groups of stakeholders interested at some level to the project activities and results. These include the scientific, environmental and biodiversity communities, IT specialists, students, consumers, potential clients, lay public, press and media and politicians.



The extent to which a product can be used by specified users to achieve specified goals with effectiveness, efficiency and satisfaction in a specified context of use (


Virtual Organization (VO)

Refers to a dynamic set of individuals or institutions defined around a set of resource-sharing rules and conditions. All these virtual organizations share some commonality among them, including common concerns and requirements, but may vary in size, scope, duration, sociology, and structure.


Virtual Research Environment (VRE)

A system with the following distinguishing features: (i) it is a Web-based working environment; (ii) it is tailored to serve the needs of a Community of Practice; (iii) it is expected to provide a community of practice with the whole array of commodities needed to accomplish the community's goal(s); (iv) it is open and flexible with respect to the overall service offering and lifetime; and (v) it promotes fine-grained controlled sharing of both intermediate and final research results by guaranteeing ownership, provenance, and attribution.