The EISCAT_3D (E3D) research infrastructure will use incoherent scatter technique to study the atmosphere in the Fenno-Scandinavian Arctic (Scandinavia, Finland, Karelia and the Kola Peninsula) and to investigate how the Earth's atmosphere is coupled to space.
The E3D phased-array system will be operated by and will be an integral part of the European Incoherent Scatter Scientific Association (EISCAT). The current EISCAT Associates are China, Finland, Japan, Norway, Sweden, and the United Kingdom.
The E3D core site will be located close to the intersection of the Swedish, Norwegian and Finnish borders and four receiving sites located within 50 to 250 km from the core. The project is currently in its preparatory phase and can smoothly transit into implementation in 2014, provided that sufficient funds are allocated. Construction can start 2016 and first operations in 2018.
Summary of the EISCAT_3D ESFRI Preparatory Phase Project http://www.eiscat3d.se/sites/default/files/ESFRI_EISCAT_web.pdf
The vision of the European Multidisciplinary Seafloor Observatory (EMSO) is to allow scientists all over the world to access data following an open access model. EMSO will make multi-parametric data from a long-term time series available for scientists researching the seabed and the water column.
EMSO observatories will be equipped with a common set of sensors for basic measurements and further sensors for specific purposes defined by the users. Currently, the EMSO network preforms measurements of, for example, seismic ground motion, gravity, magnetism, seafloor deformation, pore pressure or heat flow.
A first prototype of EMSO data portal http://dataportals.pangaea.de/emso is available online.
The European Plate Observing System (EPOS) is an integrated research infrastructure, dedicated to the solid Earth Sciences and included in the ESFRI roadmap since December 2008.
The goal of EPOS is to promote a better understanding of the physical processes controlling earthquakes, volcanic eruptions, unrest episodes and tsunamis, as well as those driving tectonics and Earth surface dynamics. Thanks to the integration of national and trans-national research infrastructures, EPOS will foster worldwide interoperability in Earth Sciences and provide services to a broad community of users. EPOS will also increase access and use of the multidisciplinary data recorded by the solid Earth monitoring networks, acquired in laboratory experiments and/or produced by computational simulations. Key stakeholders include: stakeholders categories: geoscience data providers, the scientific user community, national research organisations & funding agencies, data and services providers and users in industry.
The Euro-Argo research infrastructure project brings together 15 organisations from 12 countries to deliver Europe's contribution to the international Argo Programme: an observation system of the Earth's oceans that provides real-time data for use in climate, weather, oceanographic and fisheries research.
Euro-Argo aims to provide, deploy and operate an array of around 800 floats (about 25% of the global array); to provide enhanced coverage in the European regional seas; and to provide quality controlled data and access to the data sets and data products to the research and operational oceanography.
·More about Euro-Argo's users and applications http://www.euro-argo.eu/About-us/The-Research-Infrastructure/Users-and-Applications
The Integrated Carbon Observation System (ICOS) is a research infrastructure set up to study the greenhouse gas balance of Europe and adjacent regions.
ICOS provides the long-term observations required to understand the present state and predict future behaviour of climate, the global carbon cycle and greenhouse gases emissions. ICOS also aims to monitor and assess the effectiveness of carbon sequestration and/or greenhouse gases emission reduction activities on global atmospheric composition levels, including attribution of sources and sinks by region and sector.
ICOS is part of the ESFRI roadmap and is a collaboration between 17 countries.
More about the ICOS mission http://www.icos-infrastructure.eu/?q=overview
LifeWatch is a European research infrastructure under development and aimed at biodiversity and ecosystem research. The first services to users will be made available during 2013. LifeWatch is a consortium of five countries: Italy, Netherlands, Hungary, Greece and Sweden.
Users will benefit from integrated access to a variety of data, analytical and modelling tools provided by a variety of collaborating initiatives. LifeWatch will also offer data and tools in selected workflows for specific scientific communities. In addition, LifeWatch will provide opportunities to construct personalized ‘virtual labs', also allowing to enter new data and analytical tools.