The Svalbard Integrated Earth Observing System (SIOS) is an international infrastructure project with 28 partners from Europe and Asia. The vision is to establish a cooperating and transparent research infrastructure which will give better estimates of the future environmental and climate changes in the Arctic.

SIOS will establish an upgraded Earth Observing System based on existing infrastructure, designed to better understand the ongoing and future climate changes. The integrated system will look at the interactions between the five spheres biosphere, geosphere, atmosphere, cryosphere and hydrosphere.

SIOS will set up a portfolio of joint services and provide coordination which will supply added value to all partners beyond what their own research would provide in solitude. The joint services will benefit the whole International Polar Research Community, and will make SIOS the leading polar research platform in the Arctic.

SIOS is part of the ESFRI roadmap.


The In-Service Aircraft for a Global Observing System (IAGOS) is a European Research Infrastructure, included in the ESFRI roadmap. The goal is to establish and operate a distributed infrastructure for long term observations of atmospheric composition, aerosol and cloud particles on a global scale from a fleet of initially 10-20 long range in-service aircraft of internationally operating airlines. 

This is important because reliable climate models are a fundamental requirement for determining future mitigation strategies. The use of commercial aircraft allows the collection of highly relevant observations on a scale and in numbers impossible to achieve using research aircraft, and where other measurement methods have technical limitations.

IAGOS will provide a database for users in science and policy, including data for weather prediction and air quality forecasting. It will provide data for climate models, including those used in the GMES Atmospheric Service, and the carbon cycle models used for the verification of CO2 emissions and Kyoto monitoring.


COmmunity heavy-PAyload Long endurance Instrumented Aircraft for Tropospheric Research in Environmental and Geo-Sciences (COPAL) is a project set up to provide the European scientific community with a unique research aircraft platform, capable of operating in remote areas and offering a heavy-payload for the integration of a large range of instruments for multidisciplinary research in environmental and geosciences.

The consortium is coordinated by Meteo-France and includes 11 national research funding institutions, a SME and a pan-European law firm.